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Lower Back

Lumbar Spond

Ankylosing Spondylitis is a form of chronic, degenerative arthritis that affects the spine and sacroiliac joints


  • Pain: it is often made worse with sitting or bending forward. There is localized tenderness in lower back. Pain is persistent and lasts longer than six weeks. Pain is worse with motion. In severe cases the pain extends to the buttocks, thighs and lower extremities.

  • Paresthesis: sensation of tingling, pricking and numbness.

  • Muscle weakness: in certain severe cases global weakness, gait dysfunction, loss of balance, and loss of bowel and \ or bladder may be present.


Lower Back Pain

low back pain or lumbago is a common musculoskeletal disorder affecting 80% of people at some point in their lives. it is the most common cause of job-related disability, a leading contributor to missed work, and the second most common neurological ailment

If you are suffering from lumbago, some or all of the following symptoms may be present

  • Mild to severe pain across the lower part of the back which sometimes travels into the buttocks, the groin area or down into the back of the thigh. This pain is usually aggravated by movement.

  • A stiff neck, which is caused by the muscles surrounding the spine going into spasm.

  • Difficulty in bending forward and leaning back. Again this is caused by spasms in the muscles surrounding the spine.

  • There may be a change in posture (e.g. leaning to one side) due to the severe pain and spasms in the lower back.

  • There may sometimes be a tingling sensation or a feeling of numbness in the back, buttocks or down along one or both legs.


Sciatica is pain which runs down the back of the leg.


  • Lower back pain, if experienced at all, is not as severe as leg pain

  • Constant pain in only one side of the buttock or leg, but rarely both the right and left sides

  • Pain that originates in the low back or buttock and continues along the path of the sciatic nerve - down the back of the thigh and into the lower leg and foot

  • Pain that feels better when patients lie down or are walking, but worsens when standing or sitting

  • Pain that is typically described as sharp or searing, rather than dull

  • Some experience a “pins-and-needles” sensation, numbness or weakness, or a prickling sensation down the leg


Scoliosis is an S shaped or C shaped curve in the spine.

Signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include

  • One shoulder is higher than the other

  • One shoulder blade sticks out more than the other

  • One side of the rib cage appears higher than the other

  • One hip appears higher or more prominent than the other

  • The waist appears uneven

  • The body tilts to one side

  • One leg may appear shorter than the other

  • Any type of back pain is not usually considered a scoliosis symptom.



Lordosis is an exaggerated lumbar curve in the spine.

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