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Shoulder

Shoulder impingment

Impingement syndrome is Pinching of one or more tendons within the shoulder joint, especially on overhead movements.

The supraspinatus rotator cuff tendon becomes impinged or trapped between the bones.

Shoulder impingement & rotator cuff tendinitis
The symptoms of the above are more or less similar.

  • Local pain-in and around the shoulder, may radiate to side of arm. Pain may be during lowering the arm from an elevated position

  • Local swelling

  • Stiffness in the shoulder

  • Sudden pain with lifting and reaching movements

  • Night pain in severe cases

  • Weakness in the affected shoulder

Rotator cuff tendinitis

The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that attach to the bones of the shoulder joint, allowing the shoulder to move and keeping it stable.

  • Rotator cuff tendinitis refers to irritation of these tendons and inflammation of the bursa (a normally smooth layer) lining these tendons.

  • A rotator cuff tear occurs when one of the tendons is torn from overuse or injury

Shoulder Dislocation

A traumatic injury where the head of the humerus is forced out of the socket at the shoulder.

The shoulder joint can dislocate forward, backward, or downward. A common type of shoulder dislocation is when the shoulder slips forward (anterior instability). This means the upper arm bone moved forward and down out of its joint.

Symptoms

  • Significant pain, which can sometimes be felt along the arm past the shoulder.

  • Inability to move the arm from its current position, particularly in positions with the arm reaching away from the body and with the top of the arm twisted toward the back.

  • Numbness of the arm.

  • Visibly displaced shoulder. Some dislocations result in the shoulder appearing unusually square.

  • No bone in the side of the shoulder showing shoulder has become dislocated.

 

Frozen Shoulder

Shoulder pain and stiffness in the shoulder which slowly gets worse until the shoulder can barely be moved.

A frozen shoulder will go through three phases before it is finally cured.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected shoulder

  • Stiffness in the shoulder-unable to elevate shoulder or reach out to back pocket of your trousers

  • Weakness on affected side

  •  Night pains

 

 

Subacromial Bursitis

Inflammation and swelling of the bursa (sack of fluid) which sits under the AC joint in the shoulder.

This has similar symptoms to inflammation of the supraspinatus tendon

Symptoms

  • Pain along the front and side of the shoulder

  • Weakness

  • Stiffness

  • Night time pain, especially sleeping on the affected shoulder, is often reported

  • Acute burning pain in shoulder

 

 
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